Experimental evidence supporting a protective role of estrogen towards acquired forms of hearing loss
Auditory function and dysfunction: estrogen makes a difference.
Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019 Sep 14;:
Authors: Delhez A, Lefebvre P, Péqueux C, Malgrange B, Delacroix L
Estrogen is the major female hormone involved in reproductive functions, but it also exerts a variety of additional roles in non-reproductive organs. In this review, we highlight the preclinical and clinical studies that have pointed out sex differences and estrogenic influence on audition. We also describe the experimental evidences supporting a protective role of estrogen towards acquired forms of hearing loss. Although a high level of endogenous estrogen is associated with a better hearing function, hormonal treatments at menopause have provided contradictory outcomes. The various factors that are likely to explain these discrepancies include the treatment regimen as well as the hormonal status and responsiveness of the patients. The complexity of estrogen signaling is being untangled and many downstream effectors of its genomic and non-genomic actions have been identified in other systems. Based on these advances and on the common physio-pathological events that underlie age-related, drug or noise-induced hearing loss, we discuss potential mechanisms for their protective actions in the cochlea.
PMID: 31522250 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]