Polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may contribute to noise-induced hearing loss susceptibility: a meta-analysis.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 May – Jun;86(3):370-375
Authors: Li X, Zhu Z, Li W, Wei L, Zhao B, Hao Z
INSTRUCTION: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify a precise estimation of the association between rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene and susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss.
METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed to collect data up to July 8, 2018. Finally, 4 eligible articles were included in this meta-analysis comprising 2410 subjects. The pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the strength of the association.
RESULTS: Significant association was found in the overall population in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio=0.707, 95% confidence interval=0.594-0.841) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio=1.189, 95% confidence interval=1.062-1.333). When stratified by source of the subjects, we also found association between rs3735715 and noise-induced hearing loss risk in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio=0.634, 95% confidence interval=0.514-0.783) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio=1.206, 95% confidence interval=1.054-1.379).
CONCLUSION: Rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may influence the susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Additional large, well-designed and functional studies are needed to confirm this association in different populations.
PMID: 30853467 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]