Heparin therapy as adjuvant treatment for profound idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.
Laryngoscope. 2019 Aug 09;:
Authors: Kim J, Jeong J, Ha R, Sunwoo W
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to provide evidence of whether unfractionated heparin used as adjuvant therapy in conjunction with systemic corticosteroid therapy improves hearing recovery in patients with profound idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL), and to compare the effect of this treatment with those of additional intratympanic corticosteroid therapy.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review.
METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with profound ISSNHL (≥90 dB) and who had been admitted at a tertiary referral center between 2010 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, 67 patients for additional intratympanic corticosteroid injection (ITSI) (ITSI group) and 21 for adjuvant heparin therapy (heparin group). Hearing recovery was evaluated by grade assessment according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery criteria.
RESULTS: Of the patients in the heparin group, 42.8% recovered serviceable hearing, which was significantly higher than the recovery rates (19.7%) of those in the ITSI group. Particularly, in patients with pretreatment hearing level of 90 to 100 dB, adjuvant heparin therapy enhanced therapeutic effects with a significant hearing recovery rate of 80%. However, in patients with initial hearing level >100 dB, the rates of significant hearing recovery in the two groups were roughly equal and remained unsatisfactory (8.1% in the ITSI group and 9.1% in the heparin group).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the treatment of profound ISSNHL with adjuvant heparin therapy, in combination with systemic steroid therapy, results in higher hearing recovery rates when compared to combined local and systemic corticosteroid therapy, without serious complications.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3b Laryngoscope, 2019.
PMID: 31397902 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]