Age-related hearing loss pertaining to potassium ion channels in the cochlea and auditory pathway
Pflugers Arch. 2020 Dec 17. doi: 10.1007/s00424-020-02496-w. Online ahead of print.
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is the most prevalent sensory deficit in the elderly and constitutes the third highest risk factor for dementia. Lifetime noise exposure, genetic predispositions for degeneration, and metabolic stress are assumed to be the major causes of ARHL. Both noise-induced and hereditary progressive hearing have been linked to decreased cell surface expression and impaired conductance of the potassium ion channel KV 7.4 (KCNQ4) in outer hair cells, inspiring future therapies to maintain or prevent the decline of potassium ion channel surface expression to reduce ARHL. In concert with KV 7.4 in outer hair cells, KV 7.1 (KCNQ1) in the stria vascularis, calcium-activated potassium channels BK (KCNMA1) and SK2 (KCNN2) in hair cells and efferent fiber synapses, and KV 3.1 (KCNC1) in the spiral ganglia and ascending auditory circuits share an upregulated expression or subcellular targeting during final differentiation at hearing onset. They also share a distinctive fragility for noise exposure and age-dependent shortfalls in energy supply required for sustained surface expression. Here, we review and discuss the possible contribution of select potassium ion channels in the cochlea and auditory pathway to ARHL. We postulate genes, proteins, or modulators that contribute to sustained ion currents or proper surface expressions of potassium channels under challenging conditions as key for future therapies of ARHL.
PMID:33336302 | DOI:10.1007/s00424-020-02496-w
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology
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Fri, 18 Dec 2020 06:00:00 -0500
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Hearing Loss Treatment Report, Urgent Research, 2020-12-18T16:55:45+00:00, https://www.hearinglosstreatmentreport.com.